333GREAT BANYAN TREE IN HOWRA (KOLKATA)
•The Great Banyan is a banyan tree located in Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, near Kolkata,
•The Great Banyan tree is over 250 years old and the area occupied by the tree is about 14,500 square meters (about 1.5 hectares or 4 acres).
•The circumference of the original trunk was 1.7 m and from the ground was 15.7 m. The present crown of the tree has a circumference of nearly half a kilometer and the highest branch rises to about 25 m; it has at present 3300 aerial roots reaching down to the ground.
LONAR CRATER (Maharashtra)
•Lonar Lake is a saline soda lake located at Lonar in Buldhana district, Maharashtra, India, which was created by a meteor impact.
•Lonar Lake has a mean diameter of 1.2 kilometres (3,900 ft) and is about 137 metres (449 ft) below the crater rim.
•The crater’s age is usually estimated to be 52,000 ± 6,000 years although a study published in 2010 gives an age of 570,000 ± 47,000 years.
HIDE AND SEEK BEACH OF ODISHA (Talasari beach)
•Also known as Talasari Beach is a beach in the Baleswar district of Odisha, India.
•Name Talasari is derived from the two words Tala (meaning Palm) and Sari/Sarani (meaning row). The palm trees surrounding the place gives such a name to it
•Waters of the sea at Talsari beach are not turbulent but calm and peaceful.
•Another feature of Talsari that fascinates tourists is its backwaters, which one needs to cross to reach the sea.
•Kumbhalgarh Fort is a Mewar fortress on the westerly range of Aravalli Hills, in the Rajsamand District of Rajasthan state in western India.
•Build by Rana Kumbha in 15th century Kumbhalgarh is also the birthplace of Maharana Pratap, the great king and warrior of Mewar.
•Built on a hilltop 1,100 m (3,600 ft) above sea level on the Aravalli range, the fort of Kumbhalgarh has perimeter walls that extend 36 km (22 mi), making it the second longest wall in the world The frontal walls are fifteen feet thick. Kumbhalgarh has seven fortified gateways.
•There are over 360 temples within the fort, 300 ancient Jain and the rest Hindu. From the palace top, it is possible to see kilometers into the Aravalli Range. The sand dunes of the Thar Desert can be seen from the fort walls.
•According to popular folklore, Maharana Kumbha used to burn massive lamps that consumed fifty kilograms of ghee and a hundred kilograms of cotton to provide light for the farmers who worked during the nights in the valley.
Balancing rock, Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh)
•A balancing rock, also called balanced rock or precarious boulder, is a naturally occurring geological formation featuring a large rock or boulder, sometimes of substantial size, resting on other rocks.
•A perched block, also known as a perched boulder or perched rock, is a large, detached rock fragment that most commonly was transported and deposited by a glacier to a resting place on glacial till, often on the side of a hill or slope. Some perched blocks were not produced by glacial action but were the aftermath of a rock fall, landslide or avalanche.
•A pedestal rock, also known as a rock pedestal or mushroom rock, is not a true balancing rock but is a single continuous rock form with a very small base leading up to a much larger crown. Some of these formations are called balancing rocks because of their appearance. The undercut base was attributed for many years to simple wind abrasion but is now believed to result from a combination of wind and enhanced chemical weathering at the base where moisture would be retained longest. Some pedestal rocks sitting on taller spire formations are known as hoodoos.
Roopkund Lake (Skeleton Lake) Uttarakhand
•Roopkund (locally known as Mystery Lake) is a high altitude glacial lake in the Uttarakhand state of India. It lies in the lap of Trishul massif and is famous for the hundreds of human skeletons found at the edge of the lake.
•Surrounded by rock-strewn glaciers and snow-clad mountains, the lake is a popular trekking destination.
•Roopkund lake is covered with ice for most of the time during the year.
•Roopkund is a picturesque and beautiful tourist destination and one of the important places for trekking in Chamoli District, Himalayas, located near the base of two Himalayan peaks:.
•Roopkund has attracted attention because of the human skeletal remains that are visible at its bottom when the snow melts.
Magnetic hill (Leh & Ladakh)
•Magnet Hill is a so-called “gravity hill” located near Leh in Ladakh, India.
•The “Hill” is located on the Leh-Kargil-Srinagar national highway, about 30 km from Leh, at a height of 11,000 feet above sea level. On its south side flows the Indus river, which originates in Tibet and goes to Pakistan.
•The alignment of the road with the slope of the background can give the illusion that cars are able to drift upwards. However 5 undergraduate students conducted investigation and their research proves gravity does the trick of ‘pulling’ vehicles uphill.
•”The so called ‘Magnetic Hill Effect’ observed, is not gravity-defying as claimed but is in fact due to gravity coupled with minor influences from its geographical position and altitude.
Kuldhara village (Rajasthan)
•Kuldhara was the name of the largest village in this community consisting of 84 villages.
•The village was established in 1291 by the Paliwal Brahmins and was a rather prosperous community due to their ability to grow bumper crops in the rather arid desert.
•Paliwal bhramins were a very prosperous clan and were known for their business acumen and agricultural knowledge. But one night in 1825 all the people in Kuldhara and nearby 83 villages vanished in dark.
•History say that the evil dewan or the minister in the ruling kingdom saw the young daughter of the village chief. He wanted to marry her and forced the village chief for marrying his daughter. He gave them a deadline for the marriage after which he would forcefully enter the village and take their daughter. All the chiefs of 84 villages met one night and for pride and honor decided to leave the villages in the dark of the night. Today the ruins of these villages can still be seen in western Rajasthan and are now tourist sites. The government today maintains the ruins as a heritage site.
Bhangarh in ALWAR, (Rajasthan)
•The Bhangarh Fort is a 17th-century fort built in the Rajasthan state of India. It was built by Man Singh I (one of the navratans of Akbar’ court)for his grandson Madho Singh .
•Bhangarh,a deserted town in Rajasthan, was established in 1613 by King Madho Singh, son of great Mughal general, Man Singh of Amber.
Bhangarh was abandoned soon after being built and supposedly after it was cursed by a magician. According to legend, the city of Bhangarh was cursed by Guru Balu Nath.,there are ghosts in Bhangarh and that is why entry is prohibited for tourists in the fort after sunset and before sunrise.
Ram Setu (Adam’s bridge)
•Rama’s Bridge or Rama Setu also known as Adam’s Bridge is a chain of limestone shoals, between Pamban Island, also known as Rameswaram Island.
•Rama Setu starts as chain of shoals from the Dhanushkodi tip of India’s Pamban Island and ends at Sri Lanka’s Mannar Island.
•The bridge was first mentioned in the ancient Indian Sanskrit epic Ramayana of Valmiki. refers to the bridge built by the Vanara army of Rama in Hindu theology with instructions from Nala, which he used to reach Lanka and rescue his wife Sita from the Rakshasa king, Ravana.
•The sea separating India and Sri Lanka is called Sethusamudram meaning “Sea of the Bridge.
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